With your help, the supporter's page will grow where good men and women can post the reasons they support this endeavor. 

Please email me at hudok@hudok.com

Please include your state as I intend to group them. I suggest you keep it no longer than necessary. Let me know what contact information, if any, you want included.

Additionally, if you would like to file an amicus curiae, I will post some information below.  I am a retired physics teacher and laws of nature, I understand, laws of man are somewhat foreign to me.  But I am sure Thomas Deegan can give you advice if so desired.


 Some information about amicus curiae:

 ”We The People” must make our feelings known to our public servants.  Do not be intimidated by those who would like you to feel that you need a law degree and adhere to legalese form and terms to communicate to your public servants. This principle is one of the issues that we address in our complaint.

Please feel free to send to the justices whatever amicus curiae that you feel led to produce. I would ask that you email me a copy that I can post on this website. You can indicate whether or not you wish to identify yourself. This will let others see examples and get ideas.  You can be a part of the movement.  It is a wonderful feeling to be out of “the box.”

If you haven’t gone to the sidebar “State Admits Who Is Boss”, please do so.  It is our government!  You are responsible and only responsible for what you do and what you do not do.

 With No Apologies,

 Phil Hudok


 amicus curiae – Latin


Amicus Curiae

 Latin for "friend of the court." Frequently, a person or group who is not a party to a lawsuit, but has a strong interest in the matter, will petition the court for permission to submit a brief in the action with the intent of influencing the court's decision. See, e.g. American Airlines v. Wolens, 513 US 219 (1995).



  noun, plural amici curiae

 [uh-mahy-kahy kyoo r-ee-ee, uh-mee-kee kyoo r-ee-ahy] (Show IPA). Law.

 1.  a person, not a party to the litigation, who volunteers or is invited by the court to give advice upon some matter pending before it.  ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


An amicus curiae (literally, friend of the court; plural, amici curiae) is someone who is not a party to a case who offers information that bears on the case but who has not been solicited by any of the parties to assist a court. This may take the form of legal opinion, testimony or learned treatise (the amicus brief) and is a way to introduce concerns ensuring that the possibly broad legal effects of a court decision will not depend solely on the parties directly involved in the case. The decision on whether to admit the information lies at the discretion of the court. The phrase amicus curiae is legal Latin.History

 The amicus curiae figure originates in Roman law.[1] Starting in the 9th century,[citation needed] it was incorporated into English law, and it was later extended to most common law systems. Later, it was introduced in international law, in particular concerning human rights. From there, it was integrated in some civil law systems (it has recently been integrated into Argentina's law system and Honduras's 2010 civil procedures code). Today, it is used by the European Court of Human Rights, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, and the Court of Justice of the European Union.


 The role of an amicus is often confused with that of an intervener. The role of an amicus is, as stated by Salmon LJ (as Lord Salmon then was) in Allen v Sir Alfred McAlpine & Sons Ltd [1968] 2 QB 229 at p. 266 F-G:

 I had always understood that the role of an amicus curiae was to help the court by xpounding the law impartially, or if one of the parties were unrepresented, by advancing the legal arguments on his behalf.

 The situation most often noted in the press is when an advocacy group files a brief in a case before an appellate court to which it is not a litigant. Appellate cases are normally limited to the factual record and arguments coming from the lower court case under appeal; attorneys focus on the facts and arguments most favorable to their clients. Where a case may have broader implications, amicus curiae briefs are a way to introduce those concerns, so that the possibly broad legal effects of court decisions will not depend solely on the parties directly involved in the case.


In prominent cases, amici curiae are generally organizations with sizable legal budgets. In the United States, for example, non-profit legal advocacy organizations, such as the American Civil Liberties Union, the Landmark Legal Foundation, the Pacific Legal Foundation, the Electronic Frontier Foundation, the American Center for Law and Justice or NORML, frequently submit such briefs to advocate for or against a particular legal change or interpretation. If a decision could affect an entire industry, companies other than the litigants may wish to have their concerns heard. In the United States, federal courts often hear cases involving the constitutionality of state laws. Hence states may file briefs as amici curiae when their laws are likely to be affected, as in the Supreme Court case McDonald v. Chicago, when thirty-two states under the aegis of Texas (and California independently) filed such briefs.[2]

 Amici curiae who do not file briefs often present an academic perspective on the case. For example, if the law gives deference to a history of legislation of a certain topic, a historian may choose to evaluate the claim from specialized expertise. An economist, statistician, or sociologist may choose to do the same. Newspaper editorials, blogs, and other opinion pieces arguably have the capability to influence Supreme Court decisions as de facto amici curiae.[3][4] They are not, however, technically considered amicus curiae, as they do not submit materials to the Court, do not need to ask for leave, and have no guarantee that they will be read.

 United States Supreme Court Rules

 The Supreme Court of the United States has special rules for amicus curiae briefs sought to be filed in cases pending before it. Supreme Court Rule 37 states, in part, such a brief should cover "relevant matter" not dealt with by the parties which "may be of considerable help".[5] The cover of an amicus brief must identify which party the brief is supporting, or if the brief supports only affirmance or reversal. Supreme Court Rule 37.3(a). The Court also requires that, inter alia, all non-governmental amici identify those providing a monetary contribution to the preparation or submission of the brief. Supreme Court Rule 37.6. Briefs must be prepared in booklet format, and 40 copies must be served with the Court.[6]

 In the United States Supreme Court, unless the amicus brief is being filed by the federal government (or one of its officers or agents) or a U.S. state, permission of the court (by means of motion for leave) or mutual consent of the parties is generally required. Allowing an amicus curiae to present oral argument is considered "extraordinary".[7]


 What is an amicus brief?

 Amicus briefs are legal documents filed in appellate court cases by non-litigants with a strong interest in the subject matter. The briefs advise the court of relevant, additional information or arguments that the court might wish to consider. Briefs can also focus the court’s attention on the implications of a potential holding on an industry, group, or jurisdiction not represented by the parties. The court has discretion to grant or deny permission of parties to file briefs as amici curiae. A well-written amicus brief can have a significant impact on judicial decision-making. Cases are occasionally decided on grounds suggested by an amicus, decisions may rely on information or factual analysis provided only by an amicus, and holdings may be narrower or broader than parties have urged because of a persuasive amicus brief.

 Drafting amicus briefs is a large undertaking, which requires weeks of work negotiating involvement, coordinating potential participants, researching issues, recruiting authors, and editing drafts.

 Function and Role of Amicus Briefs in Public Health Litigation PDF, 253 Kb


Return To Home